parkinsons more common in people who live on golf courses

by Taya Bergnaum Published 2 years ago Updated 2 years ago

Is there a link between golf and Parkinson's disease?

In a letter published in the journal Annals of Neurology, neurologists Margaret Parrish and Robert Gardner suggest a link between Parkinson's disease and golf. Of 26 patients with Parkinson's disorder that they collected for their small study of the disease, it turned out that 19 of them lived on or within two miles of a golf course.

Can golf and Tai Chi help people with Parkinson’s?

“Tai Chi is the gold standard for people with Parkinson’s, in terms of balance and prevention of falls…so I am trying to see if golf could be comparable. “From the preliminary patients that have gone through this study we have seen really great responses in terms of their enjoyment of the programme.

What are The racial predilections of Parkinson’s disease?

It is estimated that the prevalence of PD is 50 percent lower in Blacks and Asians than in Whites. 5,6 However, the highest incidence of PD is found in Hispanics, followed by non-Hispanic Whites, Asians, and Blacks.

Is there a link between maneb and Parkinson's disease?

Paraquat, rotenone, maneb and other organophosphates have been linked to Parkinson's disease in several studies, as well as many solvents used in the sprays.


Increased stress can lead to more tough days

Currently, in California, we are under increasing stress as our governor places more restrictions on us almost daily. In addition, the continuing political unrest in the US seems to be spiraling out of control in some cities.

Trying to play golf with Parkinson's

Before I go on, I want to make it clear that I have been a life long tennis player and rarely played golf more than 3-4 times a year, much to Mr. Twitchy’s dismay. Golf was frustrating for me. As one golf instructor told me, I was swinging the golf club like a tennis racket. That doesn’t work in golf.

The Parkinson's Gremlins

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How much more likely is Parkinson's disease to be caused by paraquat?

Professor Ryan already knew that people exposed to the chemicals paraquat and maneb were 250 percent more likely to develop Parkinson’s than the general population.

How many times does a golf course use pesticides?

Golf courses use four to seven times the amount of pesticides per acre that agricultural growers use. Golfers are exposed to these toxins mainly through direct skin contact with turf, usually on the ankles, legs, hands and arms.

What pesticides are used to maintain golf courses?

It doesn’t get that way on its own. Benomyl, rotenone, paraquat and other toxic weed and insect killers are used routinely to maintain golf courses. Most courses have a certified pesticide applicator on staff to handle these chemicals.

Is Parkinson's disease genetically predisposed?

And just last month, a Canadian study showed that some people who are genetically predisposed to developing Parkinson’s are at risk from even tiny amounts of some commonly-used pesticides.

Why is it so hard to determine how many people have PD?

The exact number of people who have PD is difficult to determine because many people do not get diagnosed in the early stages of the disease. In addition, diagnosis can be complicated and other conditions can produce similar symptoms.

How many people have PD before age 60?

1. Approximately 5 percent of people with PD are diagnosed before the age of 60. 1.

What is the second most common degenerative neurological disorder after Alzheimer's?

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common degenerative neurological disorder after Alzheimer’s disease. It is estimated that PD affects 1 percent of the population over the age of 60.

How many people in the world have PD?

About 15 percent to 25 percent of people with PD have a known relative with the disease. 2. It is estimated that about 10 million people worldwide are living with PD. The incidence of the disease is higher in industrialized countries. 3,4.

Is PD more common in blacks?

Several studies have found that PD is more common in Whites than in Blacks or Asians. It is estimated that the prevalence of PD is 50 percent lower in Blacks and Asians than in Whites. However, the highest incidence of PD is found in Hispanics, followed by non-Hispanic Whites, Asians, and Blacks.

Is Parkinson's becoming more common?

Parkinson's disease is still classified as idiopathic, meaning it has no identifiable cause.

In the meantime, how to lower the risk of PD

While poor lifestyle choices have been shown to be behind so many conditions suffered, in the same way good lifestyle changes can prevent and even treat them.

There is no actual test to determine you have PD

Specialists have to rely on symptoms and their past experience of the condition. The main symptoms are:

Where is Parkinson's found?

The current theory (part of the so-called Braak's hypothesis) is that the earliest signs of Parkinson's are found in the enteric nervous system, the medulla and the olfactory bulb, which controls sense of smell. Under this theory, Parkinson's only progresses to the substantia nigra and cortex over time.

What is a rating scale for Parkinson's?

Rating Scales. Your doctor may refer to a scale to help them understand the progression of the disease. Parkinson's stages correspond both to the severity of movement symptoms and to how much the disease affects a person’s daily activities. The most commonly used rating scales focus on motor symptoms. They are the:

Can Parkinson's make you stand?

This is the most advanced and debilitating stage. Stiffness in the legs may make it impossible to stand or walk . The person requires a wheelchair or is bedridden. Around-the-clock nursing care is required for all activities. The person may experience hallucinations and delusions. The Parkinson’s community acknowledges that there are many important non-motor symptoms as well as motor symptoms.

Does Parkinson's disease progress to the substantia nigra?

Under this theory, Parkinson's only progresses to the substantia nigra and cortex over time. This theory is increasingly borne out by evidence that non-motor symptoms, such as a loss of sense of smell (hyposmia), sleep disorders and constipation may precede the motor features of the disease by several years.

What is the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease?

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are the most common genetic cause of “typical Parkinson’s disease”, according to the Michael J Fox Foundation. One mutation, G2019S, is particularly frequent in Ashkenazim (about 14 per cent) and North African Berbers (between 30 and 40 per cent) — although these are ever-shifting figures.

Which gene mutation is most likely to cause Parkinson's disease?

Ashkenazim are ten times more likely to have the LRRK2 gene mutation which can result in Parkinson’s. A London-based study is increasing knowledge.

Is Parkinson's disease more prevalent?

Parkinson’s , described by Prof Wood as a “ numerically important disease”, will only become more prevalent as people live longer. Its treatment has not progressed dramatically since the 1960s.

Does LRRK2 cause Parkinson's?

Dr Mie Rizig, one of the study’s clinical research fellows, added that it was equally important to appreciate why the LRRK2 mutation often does not lead to Parkinson’s. “Understanding what protects them will hopefully answer a lot of questions,” she said.

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